Terrestrial Ecology


This is the study that seeks to determine the factors that affect the terrestrial ecosystems. The main known ecosystems are the tropical rainforests, desert, grasslands, taiga, tundra and temperature deciduous forest. There are different organisms that live together in these ecosystems. That is why these ecosystems are different from the aquatic ecosystems. The weather conditions in these ecosystems. The main difference from the aquatic ecosystems is that these regions do not have adequate water. The other difference is that there is a lot of light in the terrestrial ecosystem than in the aquatic ecosystem. Availability of gases is also adequate in the terrestrial ecosystems than in the aquatic ecosystems. The type of plantation found in the terrestrial ecosystem is that needs a lot of gases for photosynthesis to take place. Oxygen is essential for aerobics respiration. There are also plants that produce nitrogen-fixing bacteria in the soil.

Adaptation in the Terrestrial Ecology

All organisms in the Terrestrial ecosystem have to compete favorably for survival. This means that they all have to adapt and develop adaptations that allow them to survive well in their ecosystem. Vegetation has to compete for water and light. Trees with strong systems have to grow tall in the tropical rainforest so as to reach for the light. This is because trees are tightly packed. Those trees that don’t have strong stems are called the climbing plants. They coil themselves on the tall trees so as to reach for the light. These trees form some canopy that covers the ground. This is important as it forms a cover that helps to retain water in the ground. Trees in the deserts do not have leaves to reduce surface area. Instead, they have thorns. They also have very long roots that reach for water from deep in the ground. They also have roots that are close to the ground surface. This helps them to get water during the flash rains.

Human Activities

The major factors that are facing these terrestrial ecosystems are human activities. Due to the rampant growth in population, there has been a dial need for land to human to settle. People also clear vegetation and cut trees to provide energy. Human activities are major factors that are causing the reduction of the terrestrial ecosystems. Companies are also built to produce goods that are needed for humans to live comfortably. Buildings of industries lead to the production of gases that pollute the environment. This spoils the environment and changes the weather conditions.