Native American North


Native Americans of the North are those groups of American people whose pre-Columbian ancestors are believed to be the indigenous holders of the lands within the modern boundaries of the nation. They consisted of numerous tribes, ethnic groups and bands and until today a lot of these groups are still intact and surviving today as a sovereign state. These groups historically had lived as hunter-gatherer communities and used artworks and oral traditions to preserve their histories. These groups were more protective and mostly worked and operated on a collective basis. They didn’t lose their ground despite a number of Europeans coming to settle. None of them felt ready to get rid of their hunting ground and farming lands.

History

The settlement of the Americans is believed to be that the earliest ancestors of the Americas people came from Eurasia over a land bridge at the time of glaciations. Numerous Paleo-Indian settled in the North. Linguistic data has connected the native people of Americas with the ancient northeast Asians. The Na-Dene also settled in the north although it is believed that their ancestors were different to the first group of migrants. The sophisticated society of pre-Columbian evolved around the North Americans and it came with the rise of complex culture with the farming of maize. From the mid fifteen century the Iroquois league of nations had a confederacy system that made their culture have a significant contribution to the political thinking. However, due to inter-tribal warfare a lot of tribes were left displaced and led to migration.

Impact of colonization on the native population

The population of the natives sharply declined during the colonization period because of many factors that included epidemic diseases. Diseases played a key role in the decline of the native population since it is believed that there was a biological warfare that led to the deliberate spread of disease to the natives. During the sixteenth century, many natives were involved in warfare between the French and Indian which lasted about seven years. After the war in which the natives had the intention of forming an ally with the French forces in order to help fight the British militia but were left disappointed with the allies, the British had secured. When the Europeans reached, the west coast at least thirty percent of the natives in the region were rapidly killed by smallpox. This was just the beginning of a serious epidemic that brought devastation and a rapid depopulation among the natives.